- Mulch your perennials, trees and shrubs with compost, bark or peat to conserve soil moisture.
- Pick off rhododendron seed pods if the weather is dry.
- All chrysanthemums and dahlias can now be planted — stake existing plants.
- Tie up herbaceous perennials.
- Plant pond plants, including water lilies.
- Liquid feed all flowering annuals and perennials.
- Feed flowering shrubs with a side dressing of general fertiliser.
- Prune flowering shrubs as soon as blooming is over — lilacs, philadelphus, shrubby spireas and deutzias.
- Continue planting new roses using plenty of compost.
- Plant hibiscus plants for a tropical look in your garden.
- Prune back excess shoots on wisteria after flowering.
- Keep sweet peas and roses well watered. Feed with liquid manure and remove faded flowers.
- Sow seeds of flowering annuals directly into the ground: alyssum, Californian poppy, marigolds, cosmos, nasturtium, poppy and sunflowers.
- Sow in trays for transplanting later: carnations, dahlia, livingstone daisy, petunia, salvia, gerberas, celosia, phlox and geranium.
- Plant summer flowering annual seedlings: cosmos, petunias, lobelia, impatiens, marigolds, phlox, verbena, larkspur, alyssum, portulaca — and many more.
Fruit and vegetable garden
- Plant a crop of seed potatoes into your garden or in a large tub or planter bag.
- All vegetables will benefit from a side dressing of blood and bone or general garden fertiliser.
- Tomatoes are growing rapidly — they’ll need regular deep watering and lots of feeding.
- Don’t forget to grow basil beside your plants – it will improve their flavour.
- Dust cabbages and cauliflowers with derris dust to prevent white butterfly caterpillar.
- Now’s the time to plant out your favourite summer veges, such as tomatoes, cucumbers, eggplant, lettuce, sweet corn, spring onions, watermelon and celery.
- Sow seeds directly into the garden: pumpkin, courgettes, parsnip, radish and sweet corn.
- Sow in trays for transplanting later: lettuce, cabbage, capsicum, eggplant, leeks and spring onions — for continuous harvesting sow at two to three weekly intervals.
- Hang codlin moth traps in apple trees to trap moths and prevent larvae entering fruit.
- Feed your citrus with citrus fertiliser, and all other fruit trees with general fertiliser.
- Lightly prune passionfruit.
- For a lush green lawn apply lawn fertiliser when rain is due or water in with a sprinkler.
- To maintain a lawn in dry weather, water with a sprinkler and don’t cut too short.
- Divide and re-pot cymbidium orchids.
- Hoe and hand weed as often as possible — weed control is essential in November.